نوع مقاله : یادداشت پژوهشی
1 دانشکده مهندسی عمران و معماری، دانشگاه ملایر
2 دانشکده مهندسی عمران، دانشگاه صنعتی خواجهنصیرالدین طوسی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Developing transportation system in populated cities needs to construct subsurface infrastructures, such as tunnels. With a close attention to densely surface structured urban environments, it is most likely that tunnels would inevitably cross near of adjacent structures. It should be considered, whether the settlement induced by tunneling are in allowable range or not. Several factors may affect the magnitude of ground movement due to tunneling and consequently the tunnel- structure interaction, such as ground geotechnical properties, adjacent structure stiffness and relative position of structures and tunnels, and tunnel construction parameters.
When pile foundations are exposed to intense dynamic transverse loads during earthquakes, soil- structure interaction (SSI) plays an important role in allocating the response of pile foundations to lateral excitation. The numerical investigation with analysis subway tunnels and deep foundation interaction behavior under seismic loads by the finite element method was carried out.